A police officer uses a handheld mobile computer to process an evidence bag
By Bob Ashenbrenner | May 15, 2020

Study: Public Safety Agencies Need to Speed Up Technology Adoption in Order to Overcome Some of the Greatest Operational Challenges of This Generation

First responders’ front-line heroics during the COVID-19 outbreak and other emergencies are made possible, in part, by the smart technology strategies and procurement actions behind the scenes.

COVID-19 has brought new challenges to the world: full populations under stay-at-home orders, hospitals overwhelmed and supply chains strained. The one constant? Public safety professionals – police officers, firefighters and emergency medical technicians (EMT) – are expected to remain on the front lines, taking extreme personal risks to themselves and their families to serve their communities in these times of great need. Except, many first responders are sidelined right now due to suspected or confirmed illnesses, leaving agencies challenged to carry a larger workload with fewer people and without the necessary personal protective equipment (PPE). And while nothing of this magnitude has happened for over a hundred years, we know that our public safety agencies have been preparing for and training for a situation like the one we are living through.

Preparing for the worst, and training for it, are hallmarks of any organization that may be called on in time of need. Earlier in my career, I had the privilege of working with a director of top-level tech support at a large computer company who, before taking on roles in high tech, had served 20 years in the US Marine Corps, retiring as a Colonel. He had a storied career with the military, from war zones to naval-to-shore gunnery training to intelligence. At the computer company, he pushed for increased technical training throughout the research and development (R&D) function. I thought his rationale was terrific: he said that the U.S. military uses advanced and complex technology all the time, and they don’t “hire” experts in radar or their many other technologies. They take untrained young recruits and they train them to use – and excel at – these technologies. Prepare rigorously for action, then when action arrives, you can react quickly.

Zebra’s recently released study exploring “Critical Field Operations” confirms that this same approach is being embraced by public safety agencies, too.


Law enforcement officers, firefighters and emergency medical service (EMS) personnel are focused on learning and honing a specialized skill set that can be applied in the line of duty during both routine actions and inevitable emergency situations.

Whether training to deal with a “typical” fire or executing a full pandemic response, there is almost always a strong emphasis on technology utilization. Mobile computers, tablets, wearables and other technologies, though just a small part of the first responder tool set, are quickly proving essential to ensuring personal safety and increasing efficiency in everything from everyday interactions to life-or-death scenarios. Essentially, they become a force multiplier in times such as these when a reduced workforce is being called on to take on a dramatically increased workload.

What It Means to Sense, Analyze and Act from a Public Safety Perspective

As you can see from the chart below, public safety agencies report increased implementation of “Device Management Systems,” “Cloud Computing” and other core software-based solutions that serve as the foundation of today’s more dramatic front-line technological capabilities. 

A chart from Zebra's Critical Vision Study showing public safety agencies' current technology use

They are under immense pressure to meet citizens’ rising expectations in their communities, and mobile technologies facilitate faster, more informed actions – not unlike the way mobile technologies increase the speed and efficiency of front-line workers in the warehousing, manufacturing, retail, energy or utility sectors.

Plus, public safety agencies must prepare for every imaginable scenario, plan the best response, develop the tools and techniques and train on them, regardless of how remote the chance that the worst will happen. Because, someday, the worst will happen. So, between crises, when there are times of (relative) normality, the men and women that step up to serve as first responders often take a step back to assess their preparedness level. Together with support teams, such as administrators and IT, they will review their processes, procedures and equipment – especially their technology assets – using an approach that one might describe as thorough, yet commonplace.

While visiting a couple of police agencies in Virginia a few years ago, I was struck at how similar the meetings were to those with companies in other industries. Both IT and field workers – that is, active police officers – joined to learn more about their tablet computer and accessories solution options. Their interests were very similar to those you might hear when speaking with any field-oriented organization about tablet-based mobility solutions: device capabilities, ruggedness, available accessories and whether the vehicle docks would safely work in their vehicles. And while such IT-specific considerations are common for organizations with a large field-based workforce, these public safety IT teams also talked about some of their unique internal issues, like whether they will have their own email servers or have to use their city or county’s general server. (Both agencies were able to wrestle away control and were allowed to use their own server, as their up-time and security needs weren’t served by the administrative email server team.)

During a break, we (the solution engineering team) had time to casually talk with the agency attendees about everything from how to best grill meat to real-life stories of action in the line of duty. After arguing with me a bit about grilling temperatures, these men and women recounted numerous stories of difficult calls they were able to handle effectively and safely, which left me in admiration of the day-to-day encounters they have. It became clear just how focused they are every day on training for those extreme situations that they will encounter sooner or later.

It makes sense. When one of these emergencies happens, there is no time to consult a manual on how to address the situation. They have to know how to bring all of the tools at their disposal to bear at a moment’s notice, while under immense stress, without second-guessing a single move – technology tools included. Consider the current situation: first responders are having to take extra precautions on every call to protect both themselves, their families and those they’re helping. For example, they have to disinfect their mobile devices to very strict standards at the same frequency they’re washing their hands. Knowing which mobile computer features can aid with social distancing is now critical, even if it was unheard of a few short months ago. Yet, their training on how to obtain real-time info on current government orders, connect with other support agencies and utilize longer-range barcode scanners to look at a driver’s license held by a citizen, not by the officer, all come into play. Fortunately, the devices that are used daily for routine police, fire or EMS work are the same ones that will be used during an emergency.

So, those officers in the room during my meetings with Virginia police agencies weren’t just there to make sure they liked how the devices looked. They needed to make sure the devices would be functional in the field both during routine operations such as dispatch reporting or eCitation and – even more importantly – in those emergency scenarios where long shifts or hazard exposures might be common. They were intent on selecting devices with long battery run-times and hot-swap capabilities as well as the ability to use touch screens while wearing gloves or other personal protective equipment (PPE).  Public safety professionals who responded to Zebra’s “Future of Field Operations” study also confirmed that situational awareness was one of the top two reasons why they would use tools such as tablets and other mobile computers on the job.

A chart from Zebra's Critical Vision Study showing public safety agencies' most important technology applications

If you notice, though, there is a trend at play in the “most important application functions” rankings in the image above. They all align with this eagerness by first responders to be able to better “sense, analyze and act” in any given situation – to be well-equipped through a combination of technology, training and skill to effectively respond every time.

That is why I found it ironic that response times and major weather events still pose two of the top three operational challenges for public safety agencies. With the right technology tools in play, the right people can be deployed to the right place, at the right time, with the right insights to help mitigate or resolve any incident. Then, I realized that the top operational challenge right now is directly impacting technology readiness – and therefore, first responder – readiness.

A chart from Zebra's Critical Vision Study showing public safety agencies' top operational and technology implementation challenges

How Rugged Mobile Devices Can Improve Technology Readiness Instantaneously

Nearly half (41 percent) of public safety agencies admitted in Zebra’s study that it is difficult to update or upgrade their interoperability systems. This isn’t too surprising, to be honest. There’s a lot that goes into deploying just one mobile device for one fire department battalion chief or law enforcement patrol unit. It’s not as simple as powering on a device and downloading a few apps.

Given the sensitivity of public safety operations and the type of data shared via handheld mobile computers, tablets and wearables, basic IT functions include more complex actions such as device provisioning, security credential installations, remote device management and secure server connections. That’s just the start…the foundation. Layered on top of that will be the essential applications, such as eCitation, digital chalk and crew rosters/accountability,  as well as unique system accesses, such as electronic health records (EHR) or electronic patient care reports (ePCR), the Criminal Justice Information System (CJIS) and the FBI’s National Crime Information Center (NCIC) database, which requires a very secure mobile device for in-field access.  

Those public safety agencies that choose to deploy enterprise-grade rugged devices in the field find it easier to manage the implementations, updates, accesses and lockdowns – even when officers, firefighters or EMS techs are in the field.

Unlike with consumer-grade devices, security patches, software updates and even new features and functions can be pushed to enterprise-grade rugged tablets and mobile computers with zero-day support using tools such as OEMConfig (for Android devices) or manufacturers’ unique mobile device management tools. IT can do its part to keep both public safety professionals and the private citizens they serve as safe as possible with minimal effort. The managed services offered by rugged mobile device manufacturers can further relieve the burden on IT, enabling them to keep tabs on each device’s health at all times – to “sense” performance quality, battery life and more – so that they can pre-emptively analyze and act to improve technology readiness and, therefore, first responder readiness.

Remember, provisioning and licensing all of these devices and software applications won’t matter if the devices fail due to mismanagement or a lack of physical ruggedness/resilience when first responders really need them. These devices have to work at all times. Period.  

There has been a lot written about how much engineering goes into making a device truly rugged. While engineers aren’t thinking “pandemic” during the design phase, they are thinking about how to maximize uptime and utility. The actual technology required to achieve the challenging task of designing a rugged form factor with resilient internal computing components yields a lot more than an IP rating. These characteristics don’t just happen – don’t be fooled by a claim or label. 


Related Resources:

Innovative Ideas, Public Sector,
Bob Ashenbrenner
Bob Ashenbrenner

Durable Mobility Technologies, LLC, under the direction of Bob Ashenbrenner, works with Zebra Technologies to develop future-proof mobility solutions for customers across multiple field service and industrial sectors. As an industry consultant, Durable Mobility Technologies, LLC, is focused on optimizing rugged tablet-based solutions for mobile workers of all kinds, including utility and public safety professionals. Ashenbrenner is particularly committed to helping customers identify mobile devices that survive a tough work day, run all the software and tools needed today, and will remain flexible and scalable to adapt to evolving technology applications as business needs dictate.

Ashenbrenner has more than 25 years of computer engineering and engineering management experience, with 18 of those specific to mobility and the field requirements that enable real work to happen. He was previously a Solutions Architect with Xplore Technologies and Motion Computing for 13 years. In that role, Ashenbrenner led the development of a suite of rugged mobile tablet computer, services and software, with an emphasis on supporting the whole mobile work environment.

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